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Skeletal Radiology

, Volume 40, Issue 12, pp 1563–1573 | Cite as

Metaphyseal and diaphyseal chondroblastomas

  • Aditya V. MaheshwariEmail author
  • James S. Jelinek
  • Albert J. Song
  • Kenneth J. Nelson
  • Mark D. Murphey
  • Robert M. Henshaw
Scientific Article

Abstract

Objective

Epiphyseal/apophyseal locations are important diagnostic radiological features of chondroblastomas (CB). Although the tumor may secondarily involve the metaphysis, reports of primary metaphyseal or diaphyseal CB without any epiphyseal or apophyseal involvement are exceptionally rare and frequently present as a diagnostic dilemma. The purpose of this study was to present seven cases of pure metaphyseal and/or diaphyseal CB along with a review of pertinent literature.

Methods

A retrospective review of databases at two major referral centers revealed 390 cases of CB between 1960 and 2009. Out of these, seven histologically proven CB cases (1.8%) were found to be radiologically located in metaphysis and/or diaphysis, without involving the epiphysis and/or apophysis, and formed the study cohort.

Results

There were four males and three females (age range 2–25 years). Locations included proximal femur (n = 1), distal femur (2), proximal humerus (2), clavicle (1), and proximal radius (1). All lesions showed marginal sclerosis. A periosteal reaction was seen in five cases (71%), cortical expansion in four cases (57%), and chondroid matrix in four cases (57%). A CT (two cases) demonstrated a matrix in both cases. An MR (one case) showed extensive perilesional edema. Bone scan (one case) showed intense uptake.

Conclusion

Pure metaphyseal and/or diaphyseal CB are exceedingly rare. A presumptive diagnosis may be considered in the appropriate age group in the presence of chondroid matrix, perilesional edema, periosteal reaction, and marginal sclerosis. Regardless of all the diagnostic possibilities, biopsy may still be required. However, knowledge of this entity will help make the final diagnosis and guide the correct treatment.

Keywords

Bone tumor Chondroblastoma Extra-epiphyseal chondroblastoma Metaphyseal chondroblastoma Diaphyseal chondroblastoma Metadiaphyseal chondroblastoma MRI Radiographs 

Notes

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© ISS 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aditya V. Maheshwari
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • James S. Jelinek
    • 3
  • Albert J. Song
    • 3
  • Kenneth J. Nelson
    • 2
  • Mark D. Murphey
    • 4
  • Robert M. Henshaw
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedics and RehabilitationState University of New York Downstate Medical CenterBrooklynUSA
  2. 2.Department of Orthopedic OncologyWashington Hospital CenterWashingtonUSA
  3. 3.Department of RadiologyWashington Hospital CenterWashingtonUSA
  4. 4.The American Institute for Radiologic PathologySilver SpringUSA

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