Skeletal Radiology

, Volume 37, Issue 3, pp 251–258 | Cite as

Metastatic myxoid liposarcomas: imaging and histopathologic findings

  • Kenneth Sheah
  • Hugue A. Ouellette
  • Martin Torriani
  • G. Petur Nielsen
  • Susan Kattapuram
  • Miriam A. Bredella
Scientific Article

Abstract

Objective

The objective was to describe the imaging and histopathologic characteristics of metastatic myxoid liposarcomas.

Materials and methods

This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board and complied with HIPAA guidelines. The study group comprised 12 patients with metastatic myxoid liposarcoma who underwent MRI, CT, or FDG-PET. The location and imaging characteristics of the metastatic lesions were recorded, and the histopathology of all metastatic lesions was reviewed.

Results

There were 23 histologically proven metastases in 12 patients. Based on imaging criteria, there were 41 metastases. The mean time from the diagnosis of primary tumor to the first metastasis was 4.4 years. Sixty-seven percent of patients had bone and soft tissue metastases, 33% had pulmonary metastases, 33% had liver metastases, 25% had intra-abdominal, and 16% retroperitoneal metastases. CT demonstrated well-defined lobulated masses with soft tissue attenuation in all cases, without macroscopic fat component. In cases of osseous metastases, CT showed mixed lytic and sclerotic foci, with bone destruction in advanced cases. MRI demonstrated fluid-like signal intensity with mild heterogeneous enhancement in cases of soft tissue metastases. In osseous metastases, MRI showed avid heterogeneous enhancement. FDG-PET showed no significant FDG uptake for all metastases. MRI was the most useful imaging modality for osseous and soft tissue metastases.

Conclusion

Myxoid liposarcomas are soft tissue sarcomas, with a high prevalence of extrapulmonary metastases. The bones and soft tissues were the most common site of involvement, followed by the lungs and liver. MRI was the most sensitive modality in the detection of osseous and soft tissue metastases, and is the recommended modality for the diagnosis and follow-up of bone and soft tissue involvement.

Keywords

Myxoid liposarcoma Metastasis Magnetic resonance imaging Positron emission tomography Computed tomography 

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Copyright information

© ISS 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenneth Sheah
    • 1
    • 2
  • Hugue A. Ouellette
    • 1
  • Martin Torriani
    • 1
  • G. Petur Nielsen
    • 3
  • Susan Kattapuram
    • 1
  • Miriam A. Bredella
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyMassachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA
  2. 2.Department of RadiologySingapore General HospitalSingaporeSingapore
  3. 3.Department of PathologyMassachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA

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