Environmental Geology

, Volume 58, Issue 2, pp 257–268 | Cite as

Spatial analysis of anthropogenic impact on karst geomorphology (Slovenia)

  • Tomaž Podobnikar
  • M. Schöner
  • J. Jansa
  • N. Pfeifer
Special Issue


The objective of this contribution is analyzing, visualizing, interpreting and discussing the impacts of anthropogenic influences on karst geomorphology through various geomorphologically based environmental indicators. The primary data sources are digital terrain models (DTMs) as continuous surface data, supported by aerial photographs, satellite images, topographic maps and databases of natural and anthropogenic features. The sources are supplemented by written information about surface changes and in situ inspections. Spatial analyses as quantitative methods in combination with enhanced visualizations as qualitative methods performed in a geographical information system (GIS) on different data sets are introduced as an important methodology. This enables explaining many anthropogenic influences on the terrain surface (landform), which were not perceived before by classical surveying techniques and verifications.


Anthropogenic impacts Environmental indicators Karst Visual spatial analysis 



The presented digital spatial data were acquired from different sources. Some terrain models, aerial and terrestrial LIDAR measurements, orthophotos, historical and contemporary maps were kindly provided by the following persons and organizations: Andrej Kobler—Slovenian Forestry Institute; Domen Smole – DFG Consulting; and Surveying and Mapping Authority of the Republic of Slovenia. Various techniques for the detection of non-natural features by visualization have been carried out in collaboration with the Mars related research project which is funded by the Austrian Research Promotion Agency in the frame of the ASAP program.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tomaž Podobnikar
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. Schöner
    • 1
  • J. Jansa
    • 1
    • 3
  • N. Pfeifer
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Photogrammetry and Remote SensingVienna University of TechnologyViennaAustria
  2. 2.Scientific Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and ArtsLjubljanaSlovenia
  3. 3.Christian Doppler Laboratory “Spatial Data from Laser Scanning and Remote Sensing”Vienna University of TechnologyViennaAustria

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