Environmental Geology

, 57:231 | Cite as

Assessing the impacts of land use changes on watershed hydrology using MIKE SHE

  • Sangjun Im
  • Hyeonjun Kim
  • Chulgyum Kim
  • Cheolhee Jang
Original Article

Abstract

A fully distributed, physically-based hydrologic modeling system, MIKE SHE, was used in this study to investigate whole-watershed hydrologic response to land use changes within the Gyeongancheon watershed in Korea. A grid of 200 × 200 m was established to represent spatial variations in geology, soil, and land use. Initial model performance was evaluated by comparing observed and simulated streamflow from 1988 to 1991. Results indicated that the calibrated MIKE SHE model was able to predict streamflow well during the calibration and validation periods. Proportional changes in five classes of land use within the watershed were derived from multi-temporal Landsat TM imageries taken in 1980, 1990 and 2000. These imageries revealed that the watershed experienced conversion of approximately 10% non-urban area to urban area between 1980 and 2000. The calibrated MIKE SHE model was then programmed to repeatedly analyze an artificial dataset under the various land use proportions identified in the Landsat TM imageries. The analysis was made to quantitatively assess the impact of land use changes (predominantly urbanization) on watershed hydrology. There were increases in total runoff (5.5%) and overland flow (24.8%) as a response to the land use change.

Keywords

MIKE SHE Streamflow Hydrologic impact Land use change Satellite imageries 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sangjun Im
    • 1
  • Hyeonjun Kim
    • 2
  • Chulgyum Kim
    • 2
  • Cheolhee Jang
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Forest Sciences, Research Institute for Agriculture and Life SciencesSeoul National UniversitySeoulKorea
  2. 2.Hydrology Research DivisionKorea Institute of Construction TechnologyGyeonggi-doKorea

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