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Environmental Geology

, 53:1391 | Cite as

Contamination of Uppanar River and coastal waters off Cuddalore, Southeast coast of India

  • M. P. Jonathan
  • S. Srinivasalu
  • N. Thangadurai
  • T. Ayyamperumal
  • J. S. Armstrong-Altrin
  • V. Ram-Mohan
Original Article

Abstract

The study is based on physicochemical parameters (pH, DO, and salinity) and dissolved trace elements (Fe, Mn, Cr, Cu, Ni, Co, Pb, Zn, and Cd) of Uppanar River water (RW) and surface and bottom coastal waters (CW) off Cuddalore, southeast coast of India in 56 samples collected during 2001. High concentration of Fe and Mn in RW and CW indicates enrichment above the normal level. Physicochemical parameters do not exhibit significant relationship with trace metals. Enrichment of Pb is due to external input and excess level of Cu, Pb, Zn in RW and Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb in CW is identified. Fe-Mn oxides are the chief scavengers of trace elements in both the aquatic environments and it is supported by geochemical, statistical and comparative studies. The results signify that industrial growth has affected the aquatic environments and regular monitoring will help to adopt stringent pollution control measures for better management of the aquatic region.

Keywords

Physicochemical parameters Dissolved trace metals Uppanar River Cuddalore Southeast coast of India 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research is supported by the UGC-SAP (Phase II), COSIST & DST-FIST programs awarded to the Department of Geology, University of Madras, India. TA thanks the financial assistance from University of Madras, Chennai, in the form of University Research Fellowship. Thanks are also due to Dr. G. Janaki Raman, NIOT, Chennai, and crew of CRV Sagar Purvi for offering professional support at sea. The authors thank Prof. S.P. Mohan, Dr. N. Rajeshwara Rao for their continuous encouragement during the course of this study. MPJ and JSA wish to express their gratefulness to Dr. Otilio Arturo Acevedo Sandoval, Dr. Kinardo Flores-Castro, CICT, UAEH. Financial assistance by SEP-PROMEP (Programa de Mejoramiento del Profesorado; Grant No: UAEHGO-PTC - 280 & 335), SIN-CONACYT (Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología), and PAI (Programa Anual de Investigación; Grant No: 69B & 70B), UAEH, HGO, Mexico, is highly appreciated.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. P. Jonathan
    • 1
  • S. Srinivasalu
    • 2
  • N. Thangadurai
    • 2
  • T. Ayyamperumal
    • 3
  • J. S. Armstrong-Altrin
    • 1
  • V. Ram-Mohan
    • 3
  1. 1.Centro de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Tierra, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de HidalgoCiudad UniversitariaHidalgoMexico
  2. 2.Department of GeologyAnna UniversityChennaiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Geology, School of Earth & Atmospheric SciencesUniversity of MadrasChennaiIndia

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