Environmental Geology

, Volume 53, Issue 2, pp 399–415 | Cite as

Heavy metal sources in Sultan Marsh and its neighborhood, Kayseri, Turkey

  • M. Gurhan Yalcin
  • Rifat Battaloglu
  • Semiha Ilhan
Original Article


Sultan Marsh (Turkey) is one of the largest wet lands of the Middle East and Europe. The aim of this study was to determine average concentrations of heavy metals, variations of the obtained values in a large scale, geogenic and anthropogenic sources of the pollution and effects of the pollution on the environment in Sultan Marsh. To these aims, a total of 176 surface soil samples (0–10 cm depth) were collected from 80 ha land in Sultan Marsh. Using a bench-top Spectro-Xepos X-ray fluorescence spectrometer, we analyzed all samples to determine the near-total concentrations of 26 chemical elements. Basic and multivariate statistics were used for statistical analyses. GIS mapping, a powerful tool for identifying possible sources of pollutants, was used to classify and identify the elements. Relatively high concentrations of the elements Fe, Pb, Zn, Sb, W, Mo, Co, Cu, Hg, Ni, Cr, Mn and Cd were found in Sultan Marsh, surrounding rocks (geogenic sources), mines of Fe and Pb/Zn, industrial facilities, residential and agricultural areas and major traffic routes (anthropogenic sources).


Heavy metals Soil contamination Cluster analysis ANOVA Sultan Marsh 



The authors would like to thank Kayseri Environment and Forest Province Directorate for providing vehicles during field studies, OYSA-Nigde Cement Factory for XRF analyses and Dilek ERDAG for the GIS mappings from the Department of Geology Engineering, Istanbul University.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Gurhan Yalcin
    • 1
  • Rifat Battaloglu
    • 2
  • Semiha Ilhan
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Department of Geology EngineeringNigde UniversityNigdeTurkey
  2. 2.Ankara University, Forensic MedicineMamak, AnkaraTurkey
  3. 3.Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Department of Geology EngineeringCukurova UniversityAdanaTurkey

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