Advertisement

Environmental Geology

, Volume 51, Issue 5, pp 675–684 | Cite as

Jovan Cvijić and the founding of karst geomorphology

  • Derek Ford
Original Article

Abstract

Jovan Cvijić was born in western Serbia and studied widely in the Dinaric Kras. His publication of Das Karstphänomen (1893) established that rock dissolution was the key process and that it created most types of dolines, “the diagnostic karst landforms”. The Dinaric Kras thus became the type area for dissolutional landforms and aquifers; Germanicised as “karst”, the regional name is now applied to modern and paleo-dissolutional phenomena worldwide. Cvijić related the complex behaviour of karstic aquifers to development of solutional conduit networks and linked it to a cycle of landform evolution. He is recognized as “the father of karst geomorphology”.

Keywords

Messinian Adriatic Coast Karst Landscape Conduit Network Karst Rock 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Ahnert F, Williams PW (1997) Karst landform development in a three-dimensional theoretical model. Zeitschrift fur Geomorphologie NF, Supplementband 108:63–80Google Scholar
  2. Audra P (1994) Karsts alpins. Gènese des grands rèseaux souterrains.Karstologia Mémoires 5Google Scholar
  3. Bonacci O (1987) Karst Hydrology; with special reference to the Dinaric Karst. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, p 184Google Scholar
  4. Cramer H (1941) Die Systematik der Karstdolinen, Neues Jahrhbuch Mineralogie. Geologie Pälaontologie 85:293–382Google Scholar
  5. Cvijić J (1893) Das Karstphänomen. Versuch einer morphologischen Monographie. Geographischen Abhandlung, Wien V(3):218–329Google Scholar
  6. Cvijić J (1901) Morphologische und glaziale Studien aus Bosnien, der Hercegovina und Montenegro; 2, Die karstpoljen. Abhandlung Geographisches Geschicte 3(2):1–85Google Scholar
  7. Cvijić J (1918) Hydrographie souterraine et evolution morphologique du karst. Receuil des Travaux de l’Institute de Géographie Alpine 6:375–426Google Scholar
  8. Cvijić J (1924) The evolution of lapiés. Geographical Review pp 26–49Google Scholar
  9. Cvijić, J (1960) La Géographie des Terrains Calcaires. Academie Serbe des Sciénces et des Arts, Beograd, Monographies, T CCCXLI, p 212Google Scholar
  10. Daneš J (1908) Geomorphologische Studien im karst-Gebiete Jamaikas. In: 9th international geographical congress, Geneva 2:178–182Google Scholar
  11. Davis WM (1901) An excursion in Bosnia, Hercegovina and Dalmatia. Bull Geograph Soc 3(2):47–50Google Scholar
  12. Ford DC (1987) Characteristics of dissolutional cave systems in carbonate rocks. In: James NP, Choquette PW (eds) Paleokarst. Springer,Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 25–57Google Scholar
  13. Ford DC (1998) Perspectives on Karst Geomorphology in the 20th Century. In: Kranjc A (ed) Papers presented at the classical karst symposium, 4th international conference on geomorphology. Acta Carsol, XXVII/I:79–98Google Scholar
  14. Ford DC (2002) From pre-karst to cessation: the complicating effects of differing lithology and geologic structure on karst evolution. In: Gabrovsek F (eds) Evolution of karst. National Karst Institute of Slovenia, Postojna, pp 31–42Google Scholar
  15. Ford DC, Williams PW (1989) Karst geomorphology and hydrology. Unwin-Hyman, London, p 601Google Scholar
  16. Gams I (2003) Kras v Sloveniji v prostoru in ćasu. ZRC SAZU, Lubljana, p 516Google Scholar
  17. Gauchon C (1999) L’adoption du terme de “karst” en France. Karstologia 34(2):45–51Google Scholar
  18. Grund A (1903) Die Karst Hydrographie: Studien aus Westbosnien. Geographisches Abhandlung heraus von A. Penck 7:103–200Google Scholar
  19. Herak M (1972) Karst of Yugoslavia. In: Herak M, Stringfield VT (eds) Karst: important karst regions of the northern hemisphere. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 25–83Google Scholar
  20. Katzer F (1909) Karst und Karsthydrographie. Zur Kunde der Balkanhalbinsel. Kajon, Sarajevo, p 94Google Scholar
  21. Klimchouk AB, Ford DC, Palmer AN, Dreybrodt W (eds.) (2000) Speleogenesis: Evolution of karst aquifers. AL National Speleological Society Press, Huntsville, p 527Google Scholar
  22. Kranjc A (1994) About the name and the history of the region Kras. Acta Carsol XXIII: 81–90Google Scholar
  23. Mijatović BF (1984) Hydrogeology of the dinaric karst. International Association of Hydrogeologists 4:254Google Scholar
  24. Milanović P (1981) Karst hydrogeology. Water Resources Publications, Littleton, p 434Google Scholar
  25. Milanović P (2000) Geological Engineering in karst. Zebra, Belgrade, p 347Google Scholar
  26. Musil R (ed) (1993) Moravský Kras. Brno, Mavel, p 336Google Scholar
  27. Nicod J (2003) Les karsts dinariques; paysages et problèmes. Mémoires No 10,Karstologia p 183Google Scholar
  28. Palmer AN, Audra P (2004) Patterns of caves. In: Gunn J (ed) 2004 Encyclopedia of caves and karst science. Fitzroy Dearborn, New York, pp 573–575Google Scholar
  29. Roglić J (1972) Historical review of morphological concepts. In: Herak M, Stringfield VT (eds) Karst: Important karst regions of the northern hemisphere. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 1–17Google Scholar
  30. Sanders EM (1921) The cycle of erosion in a karst region (after Cvijić). Geograph Revi 11:593–604CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Sawicki L (1909) Ein Beitrag zum Geographischen Zyklus im Karst. Geographische Zeitschrift 15:185–204Google Scholar
  32. Šušteršič F (1994) Classic dolines of classical site. Acta Carsol XXIII:123–156Google Scholar
  33. Šušteršič F (2000) Speleogenesis in the Lubljanica River drainge basin. In: Klimchouk AB, Ford DC, Palmer AN, Dreybrodt W (eds) Speleogenesis: Evolution of Karst aquifers. National Speleological Society, Huntsville, pp 397–406Google Scholar
  34. Sweeting MM (1972) Karst landforms. Macmillan, London, p 362Google Scholar
  35. Williams PW (1966) Morphometric analysis of temperate landforms. Irish Speleol 1:23–31Google Scholar
  36. Williams PW (1972) Morphometric analysis of polygonal karst in New Guinea. Geol Soc Am Bul 83:761–796Google Scholar
  37. Williams PW (1983) The role of the subcutaneous zone in karst hydrology. J Hydrol 61:45–67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Williams PW (1993) Climatological and geological factors controlling the development of polygonal karst. Zeitschrift fur Geomorphologie NF, Supplementband 93:159–173Google Scholar
  39. Zhu X (1988) Guilin Karst. Shanghai Scientific and Technical Publishers, Shanghai, p 188Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Emeritus Professor of Geography and GeologyMcMaster University HamiltonCanada

Personalised recommendations