Environmental Geology

, Volume 50, Issue 6, pp 899–910 | Cite as

On global forces of nature driving the Earth’s climate. Are humans involved?

Original Article

Abstract

The authors identify and describe the following global forces of nature driving the Earth’s climate: (1) solar radiation as a dominant external energy supplier to the Earth, (2) outgassing as a major supplier of gases to the World Ocean and the atmosphere, and, possibly, (3) microbial activities generating and consuming atmospheric gases at the interface of lithosphere and atmosphere. The writers provide quantitative estimates of the scope and extent of their corresponding effects on the Earth’s climate. Quantitative comparison of the scope and extent of the forces of nature and anthropogenic influences on the Earth’s climate is especially important at the time of broad-scale public debates on current global warming. The writers show that the human-induced climatic changes are negligible.

Keywords

Global forces of nature Climatic changes Energy fluxes Earth’s outgassing 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA

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