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Environmental Geology

, Volume 47, Issue 3, pp 412–420 | Cite as

The significance of morphometric analysis for obtaining groundwater potential zones in a structurally controlled terrain

  • P. D. Sreedevi
  • K. Subrahmanyam
  • Shakeel Ahmed
Original Article

Abstract

Watershed development and management plans are more important for harnessing surface water and groundwater resources in arid and semi-arid regions. To prepare a comprehensive watershed development plan, it becomes necessary to understand the topography, erosion status and drainage patterns of the region. This study was undertaken to determine the drainage characteristics of Pageru River basin using topographical maps on a scale of 1:50,000. The total area of the Pageru River basin is 480 km2. It was divided into X sub-basins for analysis. The drainage patterns of the basin are dendritic and include a sixth order stream. The quantitative analysis of various aspects of a river basin drainage network characteristics reveals complex morphometric attributes. The streams of lower orders mostly dominate the basin. The development of stream segments in the basin area is more or less affected by rainfall. The elongated shape of the basin is mainly due to the guiding effect of thrusting and faulting. The erosional processes of fluvial origin have been predominately influenced by the subsurface lithology of the basin.

Keywords

Drainage density Bifurcation ratio Relief ratio Pageru River basin India 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to thank the Director NGRI for having given permission to publish the paper. The first author gratefully acknowledges the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) New Delhi, for financial assistance in the form of a Research Associate grant.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. D. Sreedevi
    • 1
  • K. Subrahmanyam
    • 1
  • Shakeel Ahmed
    • 1
  1. 1.National Geophysical Research InstituteHyderabadIndia

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