Environmental Geology

, Volume 46, Issue 6–7, pp 970–979 | Cite as

Global warming and long-term climatic changes: a progress report

Original Article

Abstract

The authors believe that recent global warming of Earth’s atmosphere is not due to an increase in anthropogenic carbon dioxide emission but rather to long-term global factors. The human contribution to the CO2 content in the atmosphere and the increase in temperature is negligible in comparison with other sources of carbon dioxide emission. Discussed in this paper are sources, avenues of migration, and the amounts of naturally produced carbon dioxide and methane (greenhouse gases) and long-term changes in the Earth’s climate, which are necessary for understanding the causes of current temperature trends.

Keywords

Global warming Climatic changes Gas migration 

References

  1. Arrhenius S (1896) On the influence of carbonic acid in the air upon the temperature of the ground. Phil Mag 41:237–276Google Scholar
  2. Baliunas SL (2002) The Kyoto Protocol and global warming. Imprimis 31(3):1–7; http://www.hillsdale.eduGoogle Scholar
  3. Budyko MI (1997) The carbon dioxide problem (in Russian). Gidrometeoizdat, Sankt Petersburg, 60 ppGoogle Scholar
  4. Bunce N, Hunt J (1987) The lake Nyos disaster again: http://helios.physics.ouguelph.ca/summer/scor/articles/scor158.htm
  5. Caldeira K, Wickett M (2003) Anthropogenic CO2 and ocean pH. Nature 425(6956):365CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Chilingar GV (1956) Relationship between Ca/Mg ratio and geologic age. Bull Am Assoc Petrol Geol 40:2256–2266Google Scholar
  7. Chilingarian GV, Wolf KH (eds) (1988) Diagenesis, I. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 590 ppGoogle Scholar
  8. EPA global warming site (2002): Climate: http://www.epa_gov/globalwarming/climate/index.html
  9. FMH-1 (1995) Federal meteorological handbook, no.1: http://www.nws.noaa.gov/oso/oso1/oso12/fmh1
  10. Greenpeace (1993) Global warming. report, (in Russian). Moscow University, Moscow, 272 ppGoogle Scholar
  11. Katz SA, Khilyuk LF, Chilingar GV (1996) Sensitivity analysis and multivariant modeling for formation pressure and temperature fields in inhomogeneous media. J Petrol Sci Eng 16:95–108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Keeling CD, Whorf TP (1997) Trends online: a compendium of data on global change. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory: http://cdiac.esd.ornl.gov/ftp/ndp001r7/
  13. Khilyuk LF, Chilingar GV (2003) Global warming: are we confusing cause and effect? Energy Sources 25:357–370CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Khilyuk LF, Chilingar GV, Al-Hamdan MR (2003) Global warming and petroleum industry. Abstracts of SPE Conference, Western Region, May 19–24, Long Beach, California. Am Assoc Petrol Geol Western Region, Los Angeles, 76 ppGoogle Scholar
  15. Khilyuk LF, Chilingar GV, Endres B, Robertson J (2000) Gas migration. Gulf Publishing Company, Houston, 389 ppGoogle Scholar
  16. Khilyuk LF, Katz SA, Chilingarian GV, Aminzadeh F (1994) Numerical criterion and sensitivity analysis for time dependent formation pressure in a sealed layer. J Petrol Sci Eng 12:137–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kondratiev KYa (1992) Global Climate (in Russian). Nauka, Moscow, 359 ppGoogle Scholar
  18. Kotlyakov VM, Danilov AI (1999) Global changes in the Antarctic Continent (in Russian). Earth and Universe 4:3–12Google Scholar
  19. Landau LD, Lifshits EM (1979) Statistical physics (in Russian). Nauka, Moscow, 484 ppGoogle Scholar
  20. Marov MYa (1986) Planets of the solar system (in Russian). Nauka, Moscow, 320 ppGoogle Scholar
  21. Oppo DW, McManus JF, Cullen JL (1998) Abrupt climate events 500,000 to 340,000 years ago: evidence from subpolar North Atlantic sediments. Science 279:1335–1338CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Pagani M, Authur MA, Freeman KH (1999) Miocene evolution of atmospheric carbon dioxide. Paleoceanography 14:273–292CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Pearson PN, Palmer MR (1999) Middle Eocene seawater pH and atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations. Science 284:1824–1826CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Raymo ME, Ganley K, Carter S, Oppo DW, McManus J (1998) Millennial-scale climate instability during the early Pleistocene epoch. Nature 392:699–702CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Schimel DS (1995) Global change biology 1:77–91Google Scholar
  26. Sorokhtin NO (2002) Climate of early Proterozoic and the causes of Guron glaciation (in Russian). Vestnik of MGTU 5(1):25–42Google Scholar
  27. Sorokhtin OG (2001) Greenhouse effect: myth and reality (in Russian). Vestnik of Russian Academy of Natural Sciences 1(1):8–21Google Scholar
  28. Sorokhtin OG, Lein AYu, Balanyuk IE (2002) Abiogenic generation of methane on oceanic floor (in Russian). Vestnik of Russian Academy of Natural Sciences 1:7–18Google Scholar
  29. Sorokhtin OG, Ushakov SA (1999) Greenhouse effect and global evolution of the Earth climates (in Russian). Izvestiya of Russian Academy of Natural Sciences 3:82–101Google Scholar
  30. United Nations (1997) Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change http://www.epa.gov/globalwarming/publications/reference/index.html
  31. Yasamanov NA (2003) Modern global warming: causes and ecological consequences (in Russian). Bull Dubna Int University for Nature, Society, and Man 1(8):12–21Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA

Personalised recommendations