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Environmental Geology

, Volume 44, Issue 3, pp 266–276 | Cite as

Discovering the stone heritage of southern Italy: technical properties of the Mondragone marble from Campania region

  • Roberto de Gennaro
  • Domenico Calcaterra
  • Pio Di Girolamo
  • Alessio Langella
  • Maurizio de' Gennaro
Article

Abstract

The results of the geological characterization of an old stone building in southern Italy, are presented here. The Mondragone marble is a slightly metamorphosed carbonate rock, which was widely employed as monumental stone in the 18th century Royal Palaces of Naples and Caserta. In this paper, for the first time, this rock has been investigated with a thorough laboratory testing program, aimed at defining its mineralogical, physical and mechanical parameters. The two most important varieties of Mondragone marble were separately tested: the yellow and grey marbles (hereafter, YM and GM, respectively). The results obtained from physical tests (open porosity, dry density, specific gravity, water absorption coefficients, ultrasonic velocity) did not show marked differences between the two materials; in contrast, the mechanical strength tests (uniaxial compressive strength, point load strength, flexural strength) showed better behaviour of YM than for GM. After a tentative comparison with other well known carbonate rocks from Italy, some considerations on the response of Mondragone marble to local weathering were conducted. In particular, the weathering typologies were related to the particular texture of the brecciated marble and the different strength resistances displayed by the various constituents of the rock.

Keywords

Campania region Italy Laboratory tests Mondragone marble Physico-mechanical properties Weathering 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Work was carried out with the financial support of the MIUR Progetti di ricerca di pertinenza Nazionale, Cofinanziamento 1999, granted to M. de'Gennaro.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roberto de Gennaro
    • 1
  • Domenico Calcaterra
    • 2
  • Pio Di Girolamo
    • 1
  • Alessio Langella
    • 3
  • Maurizio de' Gennaro
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Scienze della TerraUniversità degli Studi di Napoli '"Federico II'"80134 NapoliItaly
  2. 2.Sezione di Geologia Applicata, Dipartimento di Ingegneria GeotecnicaUniversità degli Studi di Napoli '"Federico II'"80124 NapoliItaly
  3. 3.Dipartimento di Studi Geologici ed AmbientaliUniversità del Sannio82100 BeneventoItaly

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