Transformation of 2,4,6-trichlorophenol by free and immobilized fungal laccase
- 207 Downloads
Laccase from the white rot fungus Coriolus versicolor was immobilized on Celite R-637 by covalent binding with glutaraldehyde. After a sharp primary decline in activity (up to 50%), the retained enzyme activity was stable over a storage period of 33 days at 4°C. A comparative study of soluble and immobilized laccases revealed the increased resistance of immobilized enzyme to the unfavourable effects of alkaline pH, high temperature and the action of inhibitors. A combination of these properties of immobilized laccase resulted in the ability to oxidize 2,4,6-trichlorophenol (2,4,6-TCP) at 50°C at pH 7.0. The reactions of soluble and immobilized laccase with 2,4,6-TCP were examined in the presence and absence of redox mediators. 3,5-Dichlorocatechol, 2,6-dichloro-1,4-benzoquinone and 2,6-dichloro-1,4-hydroquinone were found to be the primary products of 2,4,6-TCP oxidation by laccase; oligo- and polymeric compounds were also found.
KeywordsOxidation Enzyme Benzoquinone Glutaraldehyde Hydroquinone
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.