Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 56, Issue 3–4, pp 453–457 | Cite as

Biological production of optically active muconolactones by Rhodococcus rhodochrous

  •  C.-J. Cha
Original Paper


Optically active (-)-3-methylmuconolactone was biologically produced using a mutant strain of Rhodococcus rhodochrous N75 that is capable of metabolizing 4-methylcatechol via a modified ortho-cleavage pathway. The mutant strain (CJ30) was prepared by mutagenesis using N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine and found to be blocked in the degradation of 3-methylmuconolactone. Cells of the mutant CJ30, which had been previously grown on yeast extract and induced with p-toluate, transformed p-toluate (11.5 mM) to optically active (-)-3-methylmuconolactone with a yield of 53%. The structure of 3-methylmuconolactone was confirmed by NMR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. Cell-free extracts of R. rhodochrous N75 also transformed a range of 4-alkylcatechols, such as 4-ethylcatechol, 4-iso-propylcatechol, and 4-tert-butylcatechol, to the corresponding 4-alkyl-substituted muconolactones.


Spectroscopy Mass Spectrometry Yeast Extract Mutant Strain Rhodococcus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  •  C.-J. Cha
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Biotechnology, University of Cambridge, Tennis Court Road, Cambridge CB2 1QT, UK

Personalised recommendations