Degradation of phosphonates by streptomycete isolates
Wild-type Streptomyces sp. strains, able to utilise both naturally occurring and synthetic organophosphonates, were isolated. High levels of inorganic phosphate were necessary for their growth in complete medium as well as in medium, supplemented with phosphonates as the sole carbon or nitrogen source. Isolate StA expressed detectable enzymatic activity against 2-aminoethylphosphonate in vivo. Streptomycete StC had a surprising ability to degrade N-phosphonomethylglycine (glyphosate) in a phosphate-independent manner via C–P bond cleavage accompanied by sarcosine formation.
KeywordsNitrogen Inorganic Phosphate Enzymatic Activity Streptomyces Nitrogen Source
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