Conversion of chlorinated propanes by Methylosinus trichosporium OB3b expressing soluble methane monooxygenase
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Chlorinated propanes are important pollutants that may show persistent behaviour in the environment. The biotransformation of 1-chloropropane, 1,2-dichloropropane, 1,3-dichloropropane and 1,2,3-trichloropropane was studied using resting cell suspensions of Methylosinus trichosporium OB3b expressing soluble methane monooxygenase. The transformation followed first-order kinetics. The rate constants were in the order 1-chloropropane > 1,3-dichloropropane > 1,2-dichloropropane > 1,2,3-trichloropropane, and varied from 0.07 to 1.03 ml min−1 mg of cells−1 for 1,2,3-trichloropropane and 1-chloropropane respectively. Turnover-dependent inactivation occurred for all of the chloropropanes tested. The inactivation constants were lower for 1-chloropropane and 1,2-dichloropropane than for 1,2,3-trichloropropane and 1,3-dichloropropane. Not all the chloride was released during cometabolic transformation of the chlorinated propanes and production of monochlorinated- and dichlorinated propanols was found by gas chromatography. The reaction pathway of 1,2,3-trichloropropane conversion was studied by mass spectrometric analysis of products formed in 2H2O, which indicated that 1,2,3-trichloropropane was initially oxidized to 2,3-dichloropropionaldehyde and 1,3-dichloroacetone, depending on whether oxygen insertion occurred on the C-3 or C-2 carbon of 1,2,3,-trichloropropane, followed by reduction to the corresponding propanols. The results show that chloropropanes are susceptible to cometabolic oxidation by methanotrophs, but that the transformation kinetics is worse than with cometabolic conversion of trichloroethylene.
KeywordsChlorinate Propanol Biotransformation Trichloroethylene Methanotrophs
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