Improved efficiency and stability of multiple cloned gene insertions at the δ sequences of Saccharomyces cerevisiae
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Two δ-integration vectors were evaluated for the insertion of an inducible expression cassette (the yeast CUP1 promoter fused to the Escherichia coli lacZ structural gene, CUP1p-lacZ) and a bacterial neomycin-resistance gene (neo) into the genome of Saccharomyces cerevisiae via homologous recombination. Cells containing integrations were selected by resistance to the aminoglycoside G418. The first vector was a traditional construct containing only one δ sequence; with this vector, the transformation efficiency and the number of integrations per cell were quite low. The second carried two δ sequences flanking the desired insert, and the unneeded bacterial sequences were removed by restriction-enzyme digestion immediately before transformation. When this double δ vector was employed, the integrated copy number was more than doubled relative to the single δ system and final β-galactosidase levels exceeded those obtained with the 2μ-based plasmid. Furthermore, the integrations appeared more stable in long-term sequential culture (both with and without induction of the lacZ gene) than those obtained via the single δ vector.
KeywordsEscherichia Coli Recombination Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Saccharomyces Homologous Recombination
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