Determination of the kinetic parameters during continuous cultivation of the lipase-producing thermophile Bacillus sp. IHI-91 on olive oil
A thermostable lipase was produced in continuous cultivation of a newly isolated thermophilic Bacillus sp. strain IHI-91 growing optimally at 65 °C. Lipase activity decreased with increasing dilution rate while lipase productivity showed a maximum of 340 U l−1 h−1 at a dilution rate of 0.4 h−1. Lipase productivity was increased by 50% compared to data from batch fermentations. Up to 70% of the total lipase activity measured was associated to cells and by-products or residual substrate. Kinetic and stoichiometric parameters for the utilisation of olive oil were determined. The maximal biomass output method led to a saturation constant KS of 0.88 g/l. Both batch growth data and a washout experiment yielded a maximal specific growth rate, μmax, of 1.0 h−1. Oxygen uptake rates of up to 2.9 g l−1h−1 were calculated and the yield coefficient, YX/O, was determined to be 0.29 g dry cell weight/g O2. From an overall material balance the yield coefficient, YX/S, was estimated to be 0.60 g dry cell weight/g olive oil.
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