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Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 47, Issue 2, pp 150–155 | Cite as

Degradation of styrene by white-rot fungi

  • A. Braun-Lüllemann
  • A. Majcherczyk
  • A. Hüttermann
ORIGINAL PAPER

Abstract

Degradation of styrene in the gaseous phase was investigated for white-rot fungi Pleurotus ostreatus (two strains), Trametes versicolor, Bjerkandera adusta and Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Fungi were grown in liquid culture and the gas/mycelium contact surface was enhanced with the help of perlite. The influence of various inducers on styrene degradation was studied. The best inducers for styrene degradation were lignosulphonate for P. ostreatus and T. versicolor and wood meal for B. adusta and P. chrysosoporium. Under these conditions all fungi were able to degrade styrene almost completely in 48 h at a concentration of 44 μmol/250 ml total culture volume; one strain of P. ostreatus was able to remove 88 μmol styrene under these conditions. Three transformation products of [14C]styrene in cultures of P. ostreatus were identified: phenyl-1,2-ethanediol, 2-phenylethanol and benzoic acid; 4% of the styrene was metabolised to CO2 in 24 h and no other volatile products were found.

Keywords

Styrene Benzoic Acid Transformation Product Pleurotus Good Inducer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Braun-Lüllemann
    • 1
  • A. Majcherczyk
    • 1
  • A. Hüttermann
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Forstbotanik, Universität Göttingen, Büsgenweg 2, 37077 Göttingen, Germany. Fax: +551 39 27 05 e-mail: amajche@gwdg.deDE

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