Xylitol and riboflavin accumulation in xylose-grown cultures of Pichia guilliermondii
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Seven strains of Pichia guilliermondii (Candida guilliermondii, asexual state) from diverse isolation sources were examined for the production of xylitol and riboflavin in xylose-grown cultures. Under the conditions tested, all strains produced xylitol from xylose; conversion efficiencies varied, on a strain-specific basis, from 7% to 36% of the initial substrate. Four of seven strains metabolized xylitol immediately as xylose levels became depleted. The remaining three strains metabolized xylitol slowly and incompletely. Surprisingly, utilization of xylitol showed an apparent relationship with riboflavin production. Strains that readily metabolized xylitol produced at least threefold greater levels of riboflavin than did strains that used xylitol slowly. Moreover, riboflavin accumulation took place during xylitol consumption. P. guilliermondii strains that produced the highest levels of riboflavin on xylose produced significantly less riboflavin when grown on glucose or directly on xylitol.
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