Simultaneous bioconversion of glucose and xylose to ethanol by Saccharomyces cerevisiae in the presence of xylose isomerase
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Simultaneous isomerisation and fermentation (SIF) of xylose and simultaneous isomerisation and cofermentation (SICF) of a glucose/xylose mixture was carried out by Saccharomyces cerevisiae in the presence of xylose isomerase. The SIF of 50 g l−1 xylose gave an ethanol concentration and metabolic yield of 7.5 g l−1 and 0.36 g (g xylose consumed)−1. These parameters improved to 13.4 g l−1 and 0.40 respectively, when borate was added to the medium. The SICF of a mixture of 50 g l−1 glucose and 50 g l−1 xylose gave an ethanol concentration and metabolic yield of 29.8 g l−1 and 0.42 respectively, in the presence of borate. Temperature modulation from 30 °C to 35 °C during fermentation further enhanced the above parameters to 39 g l−1 and 0.45 respectively. The approach was extended to the bioconversion of sugars present in a real lignocellulose hydrolysate (peanut-shell hydrolysate) to ethanol, with a fairly good yield.
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