Influence of complex nutrients, temperature and pH on bacteriocin production by Lactobacillus sakei CCUG 42687
The effects of process conditions and growth kinetics on the production of the bacteriocin sakacin P by Lactobacillus sakei CCUG 42687 have been studied in pH-controlled fermentations. The fermentations could be divided into phases based on the growth kinetics, phase one being a short period of exponential growth, and three subsequent ones being phases of with decreasing specific growth rate. Sakacin P production was maximal at 20 °C. At higher temperatures (25–30 °C) the production ceased at lower cell masses, when less glucose was consumed, resulting in much lower sakacin P concentrations. With similar media and pH, the maximum sakacin P concentration at 20 °C was seven times higher than that at 30 °C. The growth rate increased with increasing concentrations of yeast extract, and the maximum concentration and specific production rate of sakacin P increased concomitantly. Increasing tryptone concentrations also had a positive influence upon sakacin P production, though the effect was significantly lower than that of yeast extract. The maximum sakacin P concentration obtained in this study was 20.5 mg l−1. On the basis of the growth and production kinetics, possible metabolic regulation of bacteriocin synthesis is discussed, e.g. the effects of availability of essential amino acids, other nutrients, and energy.
KeywordsFermentation Yeast Extract Lactobacillus Specific Growth Specific Growth Rate
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