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Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 54, Issue 6, pp 751–758 | Cite as

Enzymology of Phanerochaete chrysosporium with respect to the degradation of recalcitrant compounds and xenobiotics

  • M. D. Cameron
  • S. Timofeevski
  • S. D. Aust
MINI-REVIEW

Abstract

The archetypal white-rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium has been shown to degrade a variety of persistent environmental pollutants. Many of the enzymes responsible for pollutant degradation, which are normally involved in the degradation of wood, are extracellular. Thus, P. chrysosporium is able to degrade toxic or insoluble chemicals more efficiently than other microorganisms. P. chrysosporium has a range of oxidative and reductive mechanisms and uses highly reactive, nonspecific redox mediators which increase the number of chemicals that can be effectively degraded. This review gives an overview of the enzymes that are believed to be important for bioremediation and briefly discusses the degradation of some individual chemicals.

Keywords

Enzyme Environmental Pollutant Phanerochaete Phanerochaete Chrysosporium Redox Mediator 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. D. Cameron
    • 1
  • S. Timofeevski
    • 1
  • S. D. Aust
    • 1
  1. 1.Biotechnology Center, Utah State University, Logan, UT 84322-4705, USA e-mail: sdaust@cc.usu.edu Tel.: +1-435-7972730 Fax: +1-435-7972755US

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