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Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 103, Issue 21–22, pp 8711–8724 | Cite as

Cellulase and xylanase synergism in industrial biotechnology

  • Priyanka BajajEmail author
  • Ritu Mahajan
Mini-Review

Abstract

Biocatalysts provide a major advantage to bio-based economy over chemical catalysts by catalyzing various useful transformations in an environment friendly manner along with other major benefits of selectivity, specificity, and low energy consumption. Since last decade, cellulase is the 3rd highest used enzyme in industry in various processes. Xylanase is also one amongst the widely used enzymes, and many industrial applications require synergistic action of both of these enzymes. These applications predominantly include bioethanol production, deinking of waste paper, animal feed processing, food processing, paper and pulp production, removal of fine fibers from textile material (biostoning), and pharmaceuticals. These enzymes are produced by microorganisms (fungi and bacteria), and hence, the microorganisms producing both cellulases and xylanases are in high demand by these industries. This review focuses on the synergistic applications of cellulase and xylanase enzymes across various industrial sectors. It also discusses the potential applications and the need of the microbial systems (fungi and bacteria) secreting both of these enzymes and the future prospects of their development into an integral part of various industrial processes.

Keywords

Cellulase Xylanase Biofuel Bio-deinking Food processing Animal Feed Biopulping Biobleaching Biostoning Prebiotics Dietary supplements Pharmaceuticals 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors sincerely appreciate the help of Ms. Sarbani Chakraborti, Institute of Microbial Technology, for her help in drafting the manuscript.

Funding information

This work is supported by funding from the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and the Department of Science and Technology (DST), India.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CSIR-Institute of Microbial Technology (IMTech)ChandigarhIndia
  2. 2.Department of BiotechnologyKurukshetra UniversityKurukshetraIndia

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