Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 103, Issue 21–22, pp 8669–8676 | Cite as

Recent progress in nanoformulations of silver nanoparticles with cellulose, chitosan, and alginic acid biopolymers for antibacterial applications

  • Mehran AlaviEmail author
  • Mahendra RaiEmail author


Nanotechnology presents the new aspect of material as nanomaterials (NMs) with unique properties such as the large surface area to the volume ratio compared to bulk types. Metal and polymer nanoparticles (NPs) are two major groups of NMs with various medicinal and non-medicinal applications. The rise of antibiotic resistance in microorganisms in general, and bacteria in particular, has necessitated the use of these NMs as novel antibacterial agents. In this regard, medicinal usage of natural polymers particularly cellulose, chitosan, and alginic acid are increasing due to their higher biocompatibility, biodegradability, and accessibility than to other biopolymers or synthetic polymers. Antibacterial activities of these polysaccharides can be improved by incorporation of silver NPs as nanocomposite (NC) forms. Therefore, in this review, recent advances related to nanoformulations of silver NPs with three biopolymers having antibacterial and biocompatibility properties have been discussed.


Nanoformulation Silver nanoparticles Cellulose Chitosan Alginic acid Biopolymers 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.


The content is solely the responsibility of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Nanobiotechnology, Faculty of ScienceRazi UniversityKermanshahIran
  2. 2.Nanobiotechnology Laboratory, Department of BiotechnologySGB Amravati UniversityAmravatiIndia

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