Advertisement

Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 103, Issue 18, pp 7719–7727 | Cite as

Biostimulation of calcite precipitation process by bacterial community in improving cement stabilized rammed earth as sustainable material

  • Chaolin Fang
  • Varenyam AchalEmail author
Environmental biotechnology
  • 140 Downloads

Abstract

Rammed earth has been enjoying a renaissance as sustainable construction material with cement stabilized rammed earth (CSRE). At the same time, it is important to convert CSRE to be a stronger, durable, and environment-friendly building material. Bacterial application is established to improve cementitious materials; however, bioaugmentation is not widely acceptable by engineering communities. Hence, the present study is an attempt applying biostimulation approach to develop CSRE as sustainable construction material. Results showed that biostimulation improved the compressive strength of CSRE by 29.6% and resulted in 27.7% lower water absorption compared to control. The process leading to biocementation in improving CSRE was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and scanning electron microscope-energy dispersive spectrometer. Further, Illumina MiSeq sequencing was used to investigate changes in bacterial community structures after biostimulation that identified majority of ureolytic bacteria dominated by phylum Firmicutes and genus Sporosarcina playing role in biocementation. The results open a way applying biological principle that will be acceptable to a wide range of civil engineers.

Keywords

Rammed earth Biostimulation Biocementation Sustainability Calcite 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Supplementary material

253_2019_10024_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (398 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 398 kb)

References

  1. Abo-El-Enein SA, Ali AH, Talkhan FN, Abdel-Gawwad HA (2013) Application of microbial biocementation to improve the physico-mechanical properties of cement mortar. HBRC J 9:36–40CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Achal V, Mukherjee A, Basu PC, Reddy MS (2009) Lactose mother liquor as an alternative nutrient source for microbial concrete production by Sporosarcina pasteurii. J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol 36:433–438CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Chhaiba S, Blanco-Varela MT, Diouri A, Bougarrani S (2018) Characterization and hydration of cements and pastes obtained from raw mix containing Moroccan oil shale and coal waste as a raw material. Constr Build Mater 189:539–549CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cuzman OA, Rescic S, Richter K, Wittig L, Tiano P (2015) Sporosarcina pasteurii use in extreme alkaline conditions for recycling solid industrial wastes. J Biotechnol 214:49–56CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Duo L, Kan-liang T, Hui-li Z, Yu-yao W, Kang-yi N, Shi-can Z (2018) Experimental investigation of solidifying desert aeolian sand using microbially induced calcite precipitation. Constr Build Mater 172:251–262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Fisher KA, Yarwood SA, James BR (2017) Soil urease activity and bacterial ureC gene copy numbers: effect of pH. Geoderma 285:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. François B, Palazon L, Gerard P (2017) Structural behaviour of unstabilized rammed earth constructions submitted to hygroscopic conditions. Constr Build Mater 155:164–175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Girão AV, Richardson IG, Porteneuve CB, Brydson RMD (2007) Composition, morphology and nanostructure of C–S–H in white Portland cement pastes hydrated at 55 °C. Cem Concr Res 37:1571–1582CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hamady M, Lozupone C, Knight R (2010) Fast UniFrac: facilitating high-throughput phylogenetic analyses of microbial communities including analysis of pyrosequencing and PhyloChip data. ISME J 4:17–27CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Hamm AC, Tenuta M, Krause DO, Ominski KH, Tkachuk VL, Flaten DN (2016) Bacterial communities of an agricultural soil amended with solid pig and dairy manures, and urea fertilizer. Appl Soil Ecol 103:61–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Jiang J, Zheng Q, Yan Y, Guo D, Wang F, Wu S, Sun W (2018) Design of a novel nanocomposite with C-S-H@LA for thermal energy storage: a theoretical and experimental study. Appl Energy 220:395–407CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kanchanason V, Plank J (2017) Role of pH on the structure, composition and morphology of C-S-H–PCE nanocomposites and their effect on early strength development of Portland cement. Cem Concr Res 102:90–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kariyawasam KKGKD, Jayasinghe C (2016) Cement stabilized rammed earth as a sustainable construction material. Constr Build Mater 105:519–527CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kumari D, Pan XL, Lee DJ, Achal V (2014) Immobilization of cadmium in soil by microbially induced carbonate precipitation with Exiguobacterium undae at low temperature. Int Biodeterior Biodegradation 94:98–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kunchariyakun K, Asavapisit S, Sinyoung S (2018) Influence of partial sand replacement by black rice husk ash and bagasse ash on properties of autoclaved aerated concrete under different temperatures and times. Constr Build Mater 173:220–227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Lazzari E, Schena T, Marcelo MCA, Primaz CT, Silva AN, Ferrão MF, Bjerk T, Caramão EB (2018) Classification of biomass through their pyrolytic bio-oil composition using FTIR and PCA analysis. Ind Crop Prod 111:856–864CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Liu W, Cai W, Guo Z, Wang L, Yang C, Varrone C, Wang A (2016) Microbial electrolysis contribution to anaerobic digestion of waste activated sludge, leading to accelerated methane production. Renewable Ener 91:334–339CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Qian XY, Fang C, Huang M, Achal V (2017) Characterization of fungal-mediated carbonate precipitation in the biomineralization of chromate and lead from an aqueous solution and soil. J Clean Prod 164:198–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Qing-ru Z, Bo-han L, Li-tian Z, Xi-hong Z, Hong-xiao T (2006) Short-term alleviation of aluminum phytotoxicity by urea application in acid soils from South China. Chemosphere 63:860–868CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Ramli MB, Alonge OR (2016) Characterization of metakaolin and study on early age mechanical strength of hybrid cementitious composites. Constr Build Mater 121:599–611CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Reddy BVV, Kumar PP (2010) Embodied energy in cement stabilised rammed earth walls. Energy Build 42:380–385CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Seifan M, Samani AK, Berenjian A (2016) Induced calcium carbonate precipitation using Bacillus species. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 100:9895–9906CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Sekhar DC, Nayak S (2018) Utilization of granulated blast furnace slag and cement in the manufacture of compressed stabilized earth blocks. Constr Build Mater 166:531–536CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Sharma LK, Sirdesai NN, Sharma KM, Singh TN (2018) Experimental study to examine the independent roles of lime and cement on the stabilization of a mountain soil: a comparative study. Appl Clay Sci 152:183–195CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Siddiqua S, Barreto PNM (2018) Chemical stabilization of rammed earth using calcium carbide residue and fly ash. Constr Build Mater 169:364–371CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Silva RA, Oliveira DV, Miranda T, Cristelo N, Escobar MC, Soares E (2013) Rammed earth construction with granitic residual soils: the case study of northern Portugal. Constr Build Mater 47:181–191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Sun J, Shi H, Qian B, Xu Z, Li W, Shen X (2017) Effects of synthetic C-S-H/PCE nanocomposites on early cement hydration. Constr Build Mater 140:282–292CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Sun S, Lin J, Zhang P, Fang L, Ma R, Quan Z, Song X (2018) Geopolymer synthetized from sludge residue pretreated by the wet alkalinizing method: compressive strength and immobilization efficiency of heavy metal. Constr Build Mater 170:619–626CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Tripura DD, Singh KD (2015) Axial load-capacity of rectangular cement stabilized rammed earth column. Eng Struct 99:402–412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Xu J, Wang X, Wang B (2018) Biochemical process of ureolysis-based microbial CaCO3 precipitation and its application in self-healing concrete. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 102:3121–3132Google Scholar
  31. Yang H, Monasterio M, Cui H, Han N (2017) Experimental study of the effects of graphene oxide on microstructure and properties of cement paste composite. Composites Part A: Appl Sci Manufac 102:263–272CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Yang Z, Xu X, Dai M, Wang L, Shi X, Guo R (2018) Combination of bioaugmentation and biostimulation for remediation of paddy soil contaminated with 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid. J Hazard Mater 353:490–495CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Yuan Q-B, Shen Y, Huang Y-M, Hu N (2018) A comparative study of aeration, biostimulation and bioaugmentation in contaminated urban river purification. Environ Technol Innov 11:276–285CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Zhu X, Kumari D, Huang MS, Achal V (2016a) Biosynthesis of CdS nanoparticles through microbial induced calcite precipitation. Mater Design 98:209–214Google Scholar
  35. Zhu X, Li W, Zhan L, Huang MS, Zhang Q, Achal V (2016b) The large-scale process of microbial carbonate precipitation for nickel remediation from an industrial soil. Environ Pollut 219:149–155CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Environmental Engineering ProgramGuangdong Technion – Israel Institute of TechnologyShantouChina

Personalised recommendations