Utilisation/upgrading of orange peel waste from a biological biorefinery perspective
Orange peel waste (OPW) (peels, pulp and seeds) is an underutilised residue coming from the orange juice industry. Its classical applications are cattle feeding and composting, while they cannot ensure a total use of OPW, so landfilling is also common practice. On the other side, OPW is very rich in sugars, polysaccharides, essential oils and polyphenols, so there is a vast literature focused on the development and optimization of technologies and processes to several products from OPW. In this review, papers on OPW-based bioprocesses are visited, discovering a wide landscape that goes from the composting and biogas processes on detoxified OPW (deoiled) to bioprocesses to bioethanol, chemicals, flavours and polymers. All these processes are prone to integration within the 2nd-generation biorefinery framework.
KeywordsOrange peel waste Bioprocess Biorefinery Chemicals Energy vectors
The authors gratefully acknowledge the funding provided by MINECO through contracts (CTQ2013-45970-C2-1-R and PCIN-2013-021-C02-01).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.
- Athanázio-Heliodoro JC, Okino-Delgado CH, Fernandes CJC, Zanutto MR, Prado DZ, da Silva RA, Facanali R, Zambuzzi WF, Marques MOM, Fleuri LF (2018) Improvement of lipase obtaining system by orange waste-based solid-state fermentation: production, characterization and application. Prep Biochem Biotechnol 48(7):565–573CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Boukroufa M, Boutekedjiret C, Petigny L, Rakotomanomana N, Chemat F (2015) Bio-refinery of orange peels waste: a new concept based on integrated green and solvent free extraction processes using ultrasound and microwave techniques to obtain essential oil, polyphenols and pectin. Ultrason Sonochem 24:72–79CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Droby S, Eick A, Mararisin D, Cohen L, Rafael G, Stange R, McColum G, Dudai N, Nasser A, Wisniewski M, Shapira R (2008) Role of citrus volatiles in host recognition, germination and growth of Penicillium digitatum and Penicillium italicum. Postharvest Biol Technol 49(3):386–396CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- FAOstat (2018) URL: http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#home. Consulted in 22/1/2019
- Fenila F, Shastri Y (2016) Optimal control of enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass. Resour-Eff Technol 2:S96–S104Google Scholar
- Ghatak H R (2011) Biorefineries from the perspective of sustainability: Feedstocks, products, and processes. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 15(8):4042–4052Google Scholar
- Heuzé V, Tran G, Hassoun P, Lebas F (2018) Citrus pulp, dried. Feedipedia, a programme by INRA, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. 16:58. https://www.feedipedia.org/node/680 Last updated on February 6, 2018
- Mittal A, Yadav G, Goyal V, Yadav A, Aggarwal N (2012) Production of phytase by acido-thermophilic strain of Klebsiella sp. DB-3FJ711774.1 using orange peel flour under submerged fermentation. Innov Romanian Food Biotechnol 10:18–27Google Scholar
- Mohsin A, Zhang K, Hu J, Tariq M, Zaman W Q, Khan I M, Zuang Y, Guo M (2018) Optimized biosynthesis of xanthan via effective valorization of orange peels using response surface methodology: A kinetic model approach. Carbohyd Polym 181:793–800Google Scholar
- Negro V, Ruggeri B, Fino D, Tonini D (2017) Life cycle assessment of orange peel waste management. Resour Conserv Recycl 127:148–158Google Scholar
- Pandiarajan A, Kamaraj R, Vasudevan S, Vasudevan S (2018) OPAC (orange peel activated carbon) derived from waste orange peel for the adsorption of chlorophenoxyacetic acid herbicides from water: adsorption isotherm, kinetic modelling and thermodynamic studies. Bioresour Technol 261:329–341CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Srivastava N, Srivastava M, Manikanta A, Singh P, Ramteke PW, Mishra PK, Malhotra BD (2017) Production and optimization of physicochemical parameters of cellulase using untreated orange waste by newly isolated Emericella variecolor NS3. Appl Biochem Biotechnol 183(2):601–612CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Subbaiah VM, Kim D-S (2016) Adsorption of anionic azo dye Congo red from aqueous solution by cationic modified orange peel powder. J Mol Liq 220:540–548Google Scholar
- Werpy T, Petersen G, Aden A, Bozell J, Holladay J, White J, Manheim A (2004) Top value added chemicals from biomass. Volume 1-Results of screening for potential candidates from sugars and synthesis gas (no. DOE/GO-102004-1992). Department of Energy Washington DCGoogle Scholar
- Wikandari R, Nguyen H, Millati R, Niklasson C, Taherzadeh MJ (2015) Improvement of biogas production from orange peel waste by leaching of limonene. BioMed Res IntGoogle Scholar