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Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 103, Issue 2, pp 535–547 | Cite as

Microbial β-mannosidases and their industrial applications

  • Diandra Albuquerque Lopes Costa
  • Edivaldo Ximenes Ferreira FilhoEmail author
Mini-Review
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Abstract

Heteropolymers of mannan are polysaccharide components of the plant cell wall of gymnosperms and some angiosperms, including palm trees (Arecales and Monocot). Degradation of the complex structure of these polysaccharides requires the synergistic action of enzymes that disrupt the internal carbon skeleton of mannan and accessory enzymes that remove side chain substituents. However, complete degradation of these polysaccharides is carried out by an exo-hydrolase termed β-mannosidase. Microbial β-mannosidases belong to families 1, 2, and 5 of glycosyl hydrolases, and catalyze the hydrolysis of non-reducing ends of mannose oligomers. Besides, these enzymes are also involved in transglycosylation reactions. Because of their activity at different temperatures and pH values, these enzymes are used in a variety of industrial applications and the pharmaceutical, food, and biofuel industries.

Keywords

β-Mannosidase Glycosyl hydrolase Mannan Polysaccharide Transglycosylation 

Notes

Funding information

The authors acknowledge the receipt of financial support from the Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq), the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES), and the Foundation for Research Support of the Federal District (FAPDF).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical statement

This article does not contain any studies with human participants of animals performed by any of the authors.

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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Enzymology, Department of Cellular BiologyUniversity of BrasíliaBrasíliaBrazil

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