A novel laccase from thermoalkaliphilic bacterium Caldalkalibacillus thermarum strain TA2.A1 able to catalyze dimerization of a lignin model compound
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In the present study, the gene encoding a multicopper oxidase, more precisely a laccase from the thermoalkaliphilic aerobic bacterium Caldalkalibacillus thermarum strain TA2.A1 (CtLac), was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. CtLac is a monomeric protein with a molecular weight of 57 kDa as determined by native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The optimum pH and temperature for 2,6-dimethoxyphenol (2,6-DMP) oxidation were 8.0 and 70 °C, respectively. The kinetic constants Km and kcat for 2,6-DMP were of 200 μM and 23 s−1, respectively. The enzyme was highly thermostable at 80 °C and retained more than 80% of its activity after 24 h preincubation under thermoalkaliphilic conditions. Remarkably, it showed a half-life of about 12 h at 90 °C. The enzyme activity was significantly enhanced by Cu2+ and Mn2+ and was not affected in the presence of most of the other metal ions. CtLac activity was stimulated in the presence of halides, organic solvents, and surfactants. Furthermore, the activity of CtLac on a dimeric lignin model compound, guaiacylglycerol-β-guaiacyl ether (GGGE) was investigated. Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis indicated that CtLac catalyzes dimerization of GGGE to form a C5-C5 biphenyl tetramer. The stability and activity of CtLac characterized herein under thermoalkaliphilic conditions make it a highly suitable biocatalyst for various biotechnological and industrial applications.
KeywordsLaccase Caldalkalibacillus thermarum Lignin Thermostability GGGE
This work was supported by the GIST research institute (GRI) in 2017.
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.
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