Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 102, Issue 7, pp 2941–2948 | Cite as

Microbiota in fermented feed and swine gut

  • Cheng Wang
  • Changyou Shi
  • Yu Zhang
  • Deguang Song
  • Zeqing Lu
  • Yizhen Wang


Development of alternatives to antibiotic growth promoters (AGP) used in swine production requires a better understanding of their impacts on the gut microbiota. Supplementing fermented feed (FF) in swine diets as a novel nutritional strategy to reduce the use of AGP and feed price, can positively affect the porcine gut microbiota, thereby improving pig productivities. Previous studies have noted the potential effects of FF on the shift in benefit of the swine microbiota in different regions of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). The positive influences of FF on swine gut microbiota may be due to the beneficial effects of both pre- and probiotics. Necessarily, some methods should be adopted to properly ferment and evaluate the feed and avoid undesired problems. In this mini-review, we mainly discuss the microbiota in both fermented feed and swine gut and how FF influences swine gut microbiota.


Fermented feed Swine gut microbiota Influence 



This research was supported by the earmarked fund for Modern Agro-industry Technology Research System (CARS-36).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical statement

This article does not involve any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cheng Wang
    • 1
  • Changyou Shi
    • 1
  • Yu Zhang
    • 1
  • Deguang Song
    • 1
  • Zeqing Lu
    • 1
  • Yizhen Wang
    • 1
  1. 1.National Engineering Laboratory of Biological Feed Safety and Pollution Prevention and Control, Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition and Feed, Ministry of Agriculture, Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science of Zhejiang Province, Institute of Feed ScienceZhejiang UniversityHangzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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