The antibacterial activity of LI-F type peptide against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in vitro and inhibition of infections in murine scalded epidermis
LI-F type peptides are a family of cyclic lipodepsipeptide antibiotics isolated from Paenibacillus polymyxa and display potent activities against positive bacteria including methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). In this study, we investigated the mechanism of action of LI-F type peptide AMP-jsa9 against a MRSA (S. aureus CICC10790), which is resistant to ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, kanamycin, chloramphenicol, methicillin, and tetracycline. It was found that AMP-jsa9 mainly targets the cell membrane of MRSA and is able to inhibit biofilm formation through killing planktonic bacteria cells. Moreover, AMP-jsa9 can bind to DNA in vitro, which represents another pathway for the action on MRSA. Furthermore, in vivo treatment of scalded mice with AMP-jsa9 resulted in inhibiting MRSA infections and healing of the scalded wound. In addition, it was demonstrated that AMP-jsa9 can effectively inhibit MRSA infections in scalded murine epidermis and that inflammatory cytokines including IL-8, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), and monocyte chemotactic factor-1 (MCP-1) were reduced; moreover, both protein and gene expression levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (e-NOS) were enhanced, which promote neovascularization and proliferation of new granulation tissue.
KeywordsMRSA Infection AMP-jsa9 Antimicrobial activity Scalded mice Treatment
This work was supported by grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant no. 31271828), the Independent Innovation Program of Jiangsu Province [grant no. CX(16)1058], and Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions (PAPD).
Compliance with ethical standards
All procedures performed in studies involving animals were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. This article does not contain any studies with humans performed by any of the authors.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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