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Biological activity of lipopeptides from Bacillus

Abstract

The lipopeptides of Bacillus are small metabolites that contain a cyclic structure formed by 7–10 amino acids (including 2–4 d-amino acids) and a beta-hydroxy fatty acid with 13–19 C atoms. These lipopeptides exhibit a variety of biological activities, including interactions with biofilms, and anti-fungal, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, anti-virus, and anti-platelet properties. The multiple activities of lipopeptides have stimulated significant interest in the exploitation of these lipopeptides for use as antibiotics, feed additives, anti-tumor agents, urgent thrombolytic therapeutic agents, and drug delivery systems. Understanding the natural function of these structurally diverse lipopeptides in Bacillus provides insight into microbial regulatory programs and is required for efficient development of more effective products. Currently, there is still insufficient knowledge of the direct target of these lipopeptides, and continued efforts are needed to enhance their biosynthesis efficiency for industrial applications.

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Acknowledgements

This review was supported by the National Science-Technology Support Plan Projects (No. 2015BAD16B02), the National Natural Science Fund (Grant No. 31471718), the Agriculture Department of China (Grant No. CARS-30), and the Northwestern Polytechnical University (No. 3102014JCQ15011 and No. 3102014GEKY1010).

Author information

Haobin Zhao and Junling Shi were responsible for writing the review. Muhammad Shahid Riaz Rajoka assisted in revising the article. Dongyan Shao and Chunming Jiang assisted in providing references for the manuscript. Qi Li, Qinsheng Huang, Hui Yang, and Mingliang Jin did the final proofreading of the manuscript. All authors reviewed the manuscript.

Correspondence to Junling Shi.

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Zhao, H., Shao, D., Jiang, C. et al. Biological activity of lipopeptides from Bacillus . Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 101, 5951–5960 (2017) doi:10.1007/s00253-017-8396-0

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Keywords

  • Bacillus subtilis
  • Lipopeptide
  • Surfactin
  • Iturin
  • Fengycin