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Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 101, Issue 7, pp 2641–2657 | Cite as

The potential of lactic acid bacteria to colonize biotic and abiotic surfaces and the investigation of their interactions and mechanisms

  • Mattia Pia Arena
  • Vittorio Capozzi
  • Giuseppe Spano
  • Daniela Fiocco
Mini-Review

Abstract

Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are a heterogeneous group of Gram-positive bacteria that comprise several species which have evolved in close association with humans (food and lifestyle). While their use to ferment food dates back to very ancient times, in the last decades, LAB have attracted much attention for their documented beneficial properties and for potential biomedical applications. Some LAB are commensal that colonize, stably or transiently, host mucosal surfaces, inlcuding the gut, where they may contribute to host health. In this review, we present and discuss the main factors enabling LAB adaptation to such lifestyle, including the gene reprogramming accompanying gut colonization, the specific bacterial components involved in adhesion and interaction with host, and how the gut niche has shaped the genome of intestine-adapted species. Moreover, the capacity of LAB to colonize abiotic surfaces by forming structured communities, i.e., biofilms, is briefly discussed, taking into account the main bacterial and environmental factors involved, particularly in relation to food-related environments. The vast spread of LAB surface-associated communities and the ability to control their occurrence hold great potentials for human health and food safety biotechnologies.

Keywords

Lactic acid bacteria Biotic and abiotic surfaces Probiotics Biofilm 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was partialy supported by the Ministry of Education, University and Research (PON02_00186_2937475) in the framework of the project named Protocolli innovativi per lo sviluppo di alimenti funzionali^ (Pro. Ali. Fun.). Vittorio Capozzi was supported by a grant of the Apulian Region in the framework of “FutureInResearch” programme (practice code 9OJ4W81).

Compliance with ethical standards

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mattia Pia Arena
    • 1
  • Vittorio Capozzi
    • 1
  • Giuseppe Spano
    • 1
  • Daniela Fiocco
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Agriculture, Food and Environment SciencesUniversity of FoggiaFoggiaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Clinical and Experimental MedicineUniversity of FoggiaFoggiaItaly

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