Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 101, Issue 5, pp 1889–1898 | Cite as

Production process reproducibility and product quality consistency of transient gene expression in HEK293 cells with anti-PD1 antibody as the model protein

  • Kai Ding
  • Lei Han
  • Huifang Zong
  • Junsheng Chen
  • Baohong ZhangEmail author
  • Jianwei ZhuEmail author
Biotechnological products and process engineering


Demonstration of reproducibility and consistency of process and product quality is one of the most crucial issues in using transient gene expression (TGE) technology for biopharmaceutical development. In this study, we challenged the production consistency of TGE by expressing nine batches of recombinant IgG antibody in human embryonic kidney 293 cells to evaluate reproducibility including viable cell density, viability, apoptotic status, and antibody yield in cell culture supernatant. Product quality including isoelectric point, binding affinity, secondary structure, and thermal stability was assessed as well. In addition, major glycan forms of antibody from different batches of production were compared to demonstrate glycosylation consistency. Glycan compositions of the antibody harvested at different time periods were also measured to illustrate N-glycan distribution over the culture time. From the results, it has been demonstrated that different TGE batches are reproducible from lot to lot in overall cell growth, product yield, and product qualities including isoelectric point, binding affinity, secondary structure, and thermal stability. Furthermore, major N-glycan compositions are consistent among different TGE batches and conserved during cell culture time.


Transient gene expression Production process reproducibility Product quality consistency Glycosylation conservation 



The project was supported by the Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai (Grant Nos. 15DZ0503700 and 14712400300) and partially supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 81502969).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Engineering Research Center of Cell and Therapeutic Antibody, Ministry of Education, School of PharmacyShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Jecho Laboratories, Inc.FrederickUSA

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