Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 100, Issue 4, pp 1967–1976 | Cite as

Biotransformations of bisphenols mediated by a novel Arthrobacter sp. strain YC-RL1

  • Lei Ren
  • Yang Jia
  • Nahurira Ruth
  • Yanhua Shi
  • Junhuan Wang
  • Cheng Qiao
  • Yanchun YanEmail author
Environmental biotechnology


Arthrobacter sp. strain YC-RL1, capable of utilizing bisphenol A (BPA) as sole carbon source for growth, was isolated from petroleum contaminated soil. YC-RL1 could rapidly degrade BPA in a wide range of pH (5.0–9.0) and temperature (20–40 °C). Substrate analysis found that YC-RL1 could also degrade bisphenol F (BPF) and tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA). The maximum and minimum concentrations of BPA (0.2–600 mg/L), BPF (0.2–600 mg/L), and TBBPA (0.2–300 mg/L) for efficient biodegradation were detected. The released bromide ion and metabolic intermediates of BPF and BPA/TBBPA were detected, as well as the degradation pathways for BPF and BPA/TBBPA were deduced tentatively. The present study provides important information for the investigation of BPs degrading mechanism and the application of microbial remediation in BP-contaminated environment. This study is the first report about a genus Arthrobacter bacterium which could simultaneously degrade BPA, BPF, and TBBPA.


Biodegradation Bisphenols Arthrobacter sp. YC-RL1 Metabolites 



We thank Ni Xiang (Department of Entomology & Plant Pathology, Auburn University, USA) and Nahurira Ruth (Graduate School, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences), for the revision of the manuscript, and Lida Han (Public Laboratory, Biotechnology Research Institute of CAAS, China), for great help and good suggestions for HPLC and MS analyses. This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC, No. 31170119) and Basic Research Fund of CAAS (No. 0042014006, No. 0042012003, and No. 0042011006).

Compliance with ethical standards

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Supplementary material

253_2015_7076_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (459 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 458 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lei Ren
    • 1
  • Yang Jia
    • 1
  • Nahurira Ruth
    • 1
  • Yanhua Shi
    • 2
  • Junhuan Wang
    • 1
  • Cheng Qiao
    • 1
  • Yanchun Yan
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Agricultural SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Faculty of Life ScienceTangshan Normal UniversityHebeiChina

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