Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 99, Issue 2, pp 775–789 | Cite as

Development of new tolerant strains to hydrophilic and hydrophobic organic solvents by the yeast surface display methodology

  • C. Perpiñá
  • J. Vinaixa
  • C. AndreuEmail author
  • M. del OlmoEmail author
Applied genetics and molecular biotechnology


Yeast surface display is a research methodology based on anchoring functional proteins and peptides onto the surface of the cells of this eukaryotic organism. Its development has resulted in the construction of a good number of new whole-cell biocatalysts with diverse applications in biotechnology, pharmacy, and medicine. In this work, we describe the design of new yeast strains in which several proteins and peptides have been introduced at the N-terminal position of protein agglutinin Aga2p. In all cases, proteins were correctly expressed and displayed on the cell surface according to the western blot, fluorescence microscopy, and fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) analyses. The introduction of a glycosylable, Ser/Thr-rich protein (S1) resulted in improved resistance to ethanol, nonane, and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) stress. The protein with a very high hydrophobic content (S2d) proved to confer tolerance to acetonitrile, ethanol, nonane, salt, and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS). The introduction of five leucine residues at the N-terminal position of S1 and S2 resulted in similar or increased resistance to the above-mentioned stress conditions. The adverse effects described in a previous work, when these residues were introduced into the N-terminus of Aga2p, with no other protein acting as a spacer, were not observed. Indeed, these strains grew better in the presence of hydrophilic solvents such as acetonitrile and ethanol. The new strains reported in this work have biotechnological potentiality given their behavior under adverse conditions of interest for biocatalytic and industrial processes.


Cell surface Organic solvents Saccharomyces cerevisiae Stress resistance Yeast surface display 



We are indebted to Dr. Neville for providing us with the pYD5 plasmid. We gratefully acknowledge SCSIE (Universitat de València) for access to its instrumental facilities of DNA sequencing and flow cytometry. This work has been supported by grant from the Spanish Ministry of Science and Technology BFU2011-23501/BMC.

Supplementary material

253_2014_6048_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (491 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 491 kb)


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departament de Bioquímica i Biologia Molecular, Facultat de Ciències BiològiquesUniversitat de ValènciaBurjassot (València)Spain
  2. 2.Departament de Química Orgànica, Facultat de FarmàciaUniversitat de ValènciaBurjassot (València)Spain

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