Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 98, Issue 3, pp 1031–1042 | Cite as

Proteins improving recombinant antibody production in mammalian cells

Mini-Review

Abstract

Mammalian cells have been successfully used for the industrial manufacture of antibodies due to their ability to synthesize antibodies correctly. Nascent polypeptides must be subjected to protein folding and assembly in the ER and the Golgi to be secreted as mature proteins. If these reactions do not proceed appropriately, unfolded or misfolded proteins are degraded by the ER-associated degradation (ERAD) pathway. The accumulation of unfolded proteins or intracellular antibody crystals accompanied by this failure triggers the unfolded protein response (UPR), which can considerably attenuate the levels of translation, folding, assembly, and secretion, resulting in reduction of antibody productivity. Accumulating studies by omics-based analysis of recombinant mammalian cells suggest that not only protein secretion processes including protein folding and assembly but also translation are likely to be the rate-limiting factors for increasing antibody production. Here, this review describes the mechanism of antibody folding and assembly and recent advantages which could improve recombinant antibody production in mammalian cells by utilizing proteins such as ER chaperones or UPR-related proteins.

Keywords

Cell engineering UPR ER chaperone Folding Antibody production 

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.New Modality Research Laboratories, R&D DivisionDaiichi Sankyo Co., Ltd.TokyoJapan

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