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Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 97, Issue 14, pp 6477–6488 | Cite as

Effects of Clostridium butyricum and Enterococcus faecium on growth performance, lipid metabolism, and cecal microbiota of broiler chickens

  • Xu Zhao
  • Yuming GuoEmail author
  • Shuangshuang Guo
  • Jianzhuang Tan
Applied microbial and cell physiology

Abstract

To investigate the effects of Clostridium butyricum and Enterococcus faecium on the growth performance, lipid metabolism, and cecal microbiota of broilers, 264 one-day-old male Ross 308 broiler chicks were randomly allocated into four treatments with six replicates in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement and fed four diets with two levels of C. butyricum (0 or 1 × 109 cfu/kg) and two levels of E. faecium (0 or 2 × 109 cfu/kg) for 42 days. There was no significant interaction between C. butyricum and E. faecium on the growth performance, lipid metabolism, and cecal microbiota of broilers. However, broilers supplemented with E. faecium had lower (P = 0.022) serum leptin level at day 21 and higher (P < 0.001) fatty acid synthase (FAS), malic enzyme (ME), and acetyl–CoA carboxylase (ACC) mRNA levels in the liver at day 42. Supplementation of C. butyricum improved (P < 0.05) the average daily feed intake and average daily gain, increased (P = 0.016) the serum insulin level at 21 days of age, enhanced (P < 0.05) the content of intramuscular fat, activities of FAS in the liver and lipoprotein lipase (LPL) in the breast muscle, mRNA expression of FAS, ME, and ACC in the liver and LPL in the breast muscle at 42 days of age, but reduced (P = 0.030) cecal Bacteroidetes relative abundance at 21 days of age. The results of this study indicate that the increased intramuscular fat content of broilers fed C. butyricum as observed may be the result of enhanced lipogenesis.

Keywords

C. butyricum E. faecium Broiler Growth Lipid metabolism Microbiota 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the Chinese Universities Scientific Fund and the Yangtz River Scholarship and Innovation Research Team Development Program (Project No. IRT0945).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xu Zhao
    • 1
  • Yuming Guo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Shuangshuang Guo
    • 1
  • Jianzhuang Tan
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, College of Animal Science and TechnologyChina Agricultural UniversityBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

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