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Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 97, Issue 5, pp 1851–1864 | Cite as

Pseudomonas: a promising biocatalyst for the bioconversion of terpenes

  • Gustavo MolinaEmail author
  • Mariana R. Pimentel
  • Gláucia M. Pastore
Mini-Review

Abstract

The Pseudomonas genus is one of the most diverse and ecologically significant groups of known bacteria, and it includes species that have been isolated worldwide in all types of environments. The bacteria from this genus are characterized by an elevated metabolic versatility, which is due to the presence of a complex enzymatic system. Investigations since the early 1960s have demonstrated their potential as biocatalysts for the production of industrially relevant and value-added flavor compounds from terpenes. Although terpenes are often removed from essential oils as undesirable components, its synthetic oxy-functionalized derivatives have broad applications in flavors/fragrances and pharmaceutical industries. Hence, biotransformation appears to be an effective tool for the structural modification of terpene hydrocarbons and terpenoids to synthesize novel and high-valued compounds. This review highlights the potential of Pseudomonas spp. as biocatalysts for the bioconversion of terpenes and summarizes the presently known bioflavors that are obtained from these processes.

Keywords

Pseudomonas Terpenes Biotransformation Bioconversion Bioflavors 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors acknowledge the Fundação de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP) and the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES) for the financial support.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gustavo Molina
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mariana R. Pimentel
    • 1
  • Gláucia M. Pastore
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Bioflavors, Department of Food Science, Faculty of Food EngineeringUniversity of CampinasCampinasBrazil

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