Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 96, Issue 2, pp 503–510

Effect of berberine on Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis, and their mixtures as determined by isothermal microcalorimetry

  • Wei-Jun Kong
  • Xiao-Yan Xing
  • Xiao-He Xiao
  • Yan-Ling Zhao
  • Jian-He Wei
  • Jia-Bo Wang
  • Rui-Chuang Yang
  • Mei-Hua Yang
Methods and Protocols

DOI: 10.1007/s00253-012-4302-y

Cite this article as:
Kong, WJ., Xing, XY., Xiao, XH. et al. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol (2012) 96: 503. doi:10.1007/s00253-012-4302-y

Abstract

The strong toxicity of pathogenic bacteria has resulted in high levels of morbidity and mortality in the general population. Developing effective antibacterial agents with high efficacy and long activity is in great demand. In this study, the microcalorimetric technique based on heat output of bacterial metabolism was applied to evaluate the effect of berberine on Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis, individually and in a mixture of both using a multi-channel microcalorimeter. The differences in shape of the power–time fingerprints and thermokinetic parameters of microorganism growth were compared. The results revealed that low concentration (20 μg/mL) of berberine began to inhibit the growth of E. coli and mixed microorganisms, while promoting the growth of B. subtilis; high concentration of berberine (over 100 μg/mL) inhibited B. subtilis. The endurance of E. coli to berberine was obviously lower than B. subtilis, and E. coli could decrease the endurance of B. subtilis to berberine. The sequence of half-inhibitory concentration (IC50) of berberine was: B. subtilis (952.37 μg/mL) > mixed microorganisms (682.47 μg/mL) > E. coli (581.69 μg/mL). Berberine might be a good selection of antibacterial agent used in the future. The microcalorimetric method should be strongly suggested in screening novel antibacterial agents for fighting against pathogenic bacteria.

Keywords

E. coli B. subtilis Mixed microorganisms Berberine Isothermal microcalorimetry 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wei-Jun Kong
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xiao-Yan Xing
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xiao-He Xiao
    • 1
  • Yan-Ling Zhao
    • 1
  • Jian-He Wei
    • 2
  • Jia-Bo Wang
    • 1
  • Rui-Chuang Yang
    • 3
  • Mei-Hua Yang
    • 2
  1. 1.China Military Institute of Chinese Materia Medica302 Military Hospital of ChinaBeijingChina
  2. 2.Institute of Medicinal Plant DevelopmentChinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical CollegeBeijingChina
  3. 3.Research and Technology Service Center302 Military Hospital of ChinaBeijingChina

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