Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 95, Issue 1, pp 201–211 | Cite as

Phosphoproteomic investigation of a solvent producing bacterium Clostridium acetobutylicum

  • Xue BaiEmail author
  • Zhihong Ji
Genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics


In this study, we employed TiO2 enrichment and high accuracy liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry-mass spectrometry to identify the phosphoproteome of Clostridium acetobutyicum ATCC824 in acidogenesis and solventogenesis. As many as 82 phosphopeptides in 61 proteins, with 107 phosphorylated sites on serine, threonine, or tyrosine, were identified with high confidence. We detected 52 phosphopeptides from 44 proteins in acidogenesis and 70 phosphopeptides from 51 proteins in solventogenesis, respectively. Bioinformatic analysis revealed most of the phosphoproteins located in cytoplasm and participated in carbon metabolism. Based on comparison between the two stages, we found 27 stage-specific phosphorylated proteins (10 in acidogenesis and 17 in solventogenesis), some of which were solvent production-related enzymes and metabolic regulators, showed significantly different phosphorylated status. Further analysis indicated that protein phosphorylation could be involved in the shift of stages or in solvent production pathway directly. Comparison against several other organisms revealed the evolutionary diversity among them on phosphorylation level in spite of their high homology on protein sequence level.


Phosphoproteome Mass spectrometry Clostridium acetobutylicum Biological solvent production 



Our gratitude goes to Prof. Yin Li and his team from Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences. The project is supported by Chinese National 973 Programs (2007CB707801 and 2010CB912703).

Supplementary material

253_2012_4156_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (38 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 38 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Beijing Institute of GenomicsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Institute of ChemistryChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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