Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 96, Issue 6, pp 1517–1526 | Cite as

Purification and characterization of a novel extracellular inulinase from a new yeast species Candida kutaonensis sp. nov. KRF1T

Biotechnologically relevant enzymes and proteins

Abstract

A novel extracellular exoinulinase was purified and characterized from a new yeast strain KRF1T, and the gene encoding the enzyme was successfully cloned. The enzyme was stable at low pH between 3.0 and 6.5. The K m and V max values of the purified enzyme for inulin were 2.3 mg/mL and 4.8 mg/min, respectively. The optimum temperature of the inulinase was 50 °C, and the enzyme remained 78 % of activity at 60 °C for 2 h. The inulinase showed an amino acid sequence identity of 58 % to its closest homolog in Meyerozyma (Pichia) guilliermondii. In the secondary structure, the domain G (VMEVH) of the enzyme contained three unique residues (V, M, and H). Compared with previously reported inulinases, the enzyme from strain KRF1T displayed strong acid resistance, notable thermostability, and high affinity for the substrate of inulin. Based on sequence analysis of the 26S rDNA D1/D2 domain and phenotypic characterization, the yeast strain KRF1T was found to represent a novel anamorphic, ascomycetous yeast species. A complete description of the species is given and the name Candida kutaonensis sp. nov (type strain = KRF1T = AS 2.4027T = CBS 11388T) is proposed.

Keywords

Candida kutaonensis sp. nov. Conserved motif Inulinase Purification Yeast 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was supported by grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC, No. 30900007), Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. KSCX2-EW-J-10), and China Agriculture Research System (No. CARS-35).

Supplementary material

253_2012_4108_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (253 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 253 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Biofuels, Qingdao Institute of BioEnergy and Bioprocess TechnologyChinese Academy of SciencesQingdaoChina
  2. 2.College of Animal Science and TechnologyQingdao Agricultural UniversityQingdaoChina
  3. 3.Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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