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Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 94, Issue 2, pp 287–293 | Cite as

Role of nanotechnology in agriculture with special reference to management of insect pests

  • Mahendra Rai
  • Avinash Ingle
Mini-Review

Abstract

Nanotechnology is a promising field of interdisciplinary research. It opens up a wide array of opportunities in various fields like medicine, pharmaceuticals, electronics and agriculture. The potential uses and benefits of nanotechnology are enormous. These include insect pests management through the formulations of nanomaterials-based pesticides and insecticides, enhancement of agricultural productivity using bio-conjugated nanoparticles (encapsulation) for slow release of nutrients and water, nanoparticle-mediated gene or DNA transfer in plants for the development of insect pest-resistant varieties and use of nanomaterials for preparation of different kind of biosensors, which would be useful in remote sensing devices required for precision farming. Traditional strategies like integrated pest management used in agriculture are insufficient, and application of chemical pesticides like DDT have adverse effects on animals and human beings apart from the decline in soil fertility. Therefore, nanotechnology would provide green and efficient alternatives for the management of insect pests in agriculture without harming the nature. This review is focused on traditional strategies used for the management of insect pests, limitations of use of chemical pesticides and potential of nanomaterials in insect pest management as modern approaches of nanotechnology.

Keywords

Nano-pesticide Sustainable agriculture Precision farming Chemical pesticide 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologySant Gadge Baba Amravati UniversityAmravatiIndia

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