Cloning and overexpression of ketopantoic acid reductase gene from Stenotrophomonas maltophilia and its application to stereospecific production of d-pantoic acid
Ketopantoic acid (KPA) reductase catalyzes the stereospecific reduction of ketopantoic acid to d-pantoic acid. Based on the N-terminal amino acid sequence of KPA reductase from Stenotrophomonas maltophilia 845, the KPA reductase gene was cloned from S. maltophilia NBRC14161 and sequenced. This gene contains an open reading frame of 777 bp encoding 258 amino acid residues, and the deduced amino acid sequence showed high similarity to the SDR superfamily proteins. An expression vector, pETSmKPR, containing the full KPA reductase gene was constructed and introduced into Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) to overexpress the enzyme. Bioreduction of KPA using E. coli transformant cells coexpressing KPA reductase together with cofactor regeneration enzyme gene was also performed. The conversion yield of KPA to d-pantoic acid reached over 88% with a substrate concentration up to 1.17 M.
KeywordsKetopantoic acid reductase Stenotrophomonas maltophilia d-pantoic acid Bioreduction
This work was supported in part by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research, No. 20380051 (to MK), from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS), and by the Targeted Proteins Research Program (TPRP) of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) of Japan.
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