Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 94, Issue 2, pp 505–515 | Cite as

Bioremediation of β-cypermethrin and 3-phenoxybenzaldehyde contaminated soils using Streptomyces aureus HP-S-01

  • Shaohua Chen
  • Peng Geng
  • Ying Xiao
  • Meiying HuEmail author
Environmental biotechnology


Using laboratory and field experiments, the ability of Streptomyces aureus HP-S-01 to eliminate β-cypermethrin (β-CP) and its metabolite 3-phenoxybenzaldehyde (3-PBA) in soils was investigated. In the laboratory, 80.5% and 73.1% of the initial dose of β-CP and 3-PBA (50 mg kg−1) was removed in sterilized soils within 10 days, respectively, while in the same period, disappearance rate of β-CP and 3-PBA in non-sterilized soils was higher and reached 87.8% and 79.3%, respectively. Furthermore, the disappearance process followed the first-order kinetics and the half-life (T 1/2) for β-CP and 3-PBA reduced by 20.3–52.9 and 133.7–186.8 days, respectively, as compared to the controls. The addition of sucrose to the soils enhanced the ability of strain HP-S-01 to eliminate β-CP and 3-PBA. Similar results were observed in the field experiments. The introduced strain HP-S-01 quickly adapted to the environment and rapidly removed β-CP and 3-PBA without any lag phases in the field experiments. Compared with the controls, 47.9% and 67.0% of applied dose of β-CP and 3-PBA was removed from the soils without extra carbon sources and 52.5% and 73.3% of β-CP and 3-PBA was eliminated in soils supplemented with sucrose within 10 days, respectively. Analysis of β-CP degradation products in soil indicated that the tested strain transform β-CP to 3-PBA and α-hydroxy-3-phenoxy-benzeneacetonitrile. However, both intermediates were transient and they disappeared after 10 days. Therefore, the selected actinomyces strain HP-S-01 is suitable for the efficient and rapid bioremediation of β-CP contaminated soils.


β-Cypermethrin 3-Phenoxybenzaldehyde Bioremediation Streptomyces aureus HP-S-01 Kinetics Soil 



We gratefully acknowledge the grants from the National Natural Science Foundation (no. 30871660) and Project of Scientific Technological Planning of Guangdong Province (no. 2009B020310005), People’s Republic of China.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shaohua Chen
    • 1
  • Peng Geng
    • 1
  • Ying Xiao
    • 1
  • Meiying Hu
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Pesticide and Chemical Biology, Ministry of Education, Laboratory of Insect ToxicologySouth China Agricultural UniversityGuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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