Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 92, Issue 5, pp 897–907 | Cite as

The medicinal Agaricus mushroom cultivated in Brazil: biology, cultivation and non-medicinal valorisation

  • Michèle L. Largeteau
  • Régulo Carlos Llarena-Hernández
  • Catherine Regnault-Roger
  • Jean-Michel Savoie
Mini-Review

Abstract

Sun mushroom is a cultivated mushroom extensively studied for its medicinal properties for several years and literature abounds on the topic. Besides, agronomical aspects were investigated in Brazil, the country the mushroom comes from, and some studies focus on the biology of the fungus. This review aimed to present an overview of the non-medicinal knowledge on the mushroom. Areas of commercial production and marketing trends are presented. Its specific fragrance, taste, nutritional value and potential use of extracts as food additives are compared to those of the most cultivated fungi and laboratory models. The interest of the mushroom for lignocellulosic enzyme production and source of biomolecules for the control of plant pathogens are shown. Investigation of genetic variability among cultivars is reported. Growing and storage of mycelium, as well as cultivation conditions (substrate and casing generally based on local products; indoor and outdoor cultivation; diseases and disorders) are described and compared to knowledge on Agaricus bisporus.

Keywords

Agaricus blazei Agaricus brasiliensis Agaricus subrufescens Biology Cultivation Genetic variability Marketing Non-medicinal use Pathology Production areas 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michèle L. Largeteau
    • 1
  • Régulo Carlos Llarena-Hernández
    • 1
  • Catherine Regnault-Roger
    • 2
  • Jean-Michel Savoie
    • 1
  1. 1.INRA, UR1264, MycSAVillenave d’OrnonFrance
  2. 2.UPPA, UFR Sciences et TechniquesPau Université CedexFrance

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