Co-fermentation of cellulose/xylan using engineered industrial yeast strain OC-2 displaying both β-glucosidase and β-xylosidase
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We constructed a recombinant industrial Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast strain OC2-AXYL2-ABGL2-Xyl2 by inserting two copies of the β-glucosidase (BGL) and β-xylosidase (XYL) genes, and a gene cassette for xylose assimilation in the genome of yeast strain OC-2HUT. Both BGL and XYL were expressed on the yeast cell surface with high enzyme activities. Using OC2-AXYL2-ABGL2-Xyl2, we performed ethanol fermentation from a mixture of powdered cellulose (KC-flock) and Birchwood xylan, with the additional supplementation of a 30-g/l Trichoderma reesei cellulase complex mixture. The ethanol yield (gram per gram of added cellulases) of the strain OC2-AXYL2-ABGL2-Xyl2 increased approximately 2.5-fold compared to that of strain OC2-Xyl2, which lacked β-glucosidase and β-xylosidase activities. Notably, the concentration of additional T. reesei cellulase was reduced from 30 to 24 g/l without affecting ethanol production. The BGL- and XYL-displaying industrial yeast of the strain OC2-AXYL2-ABGL2-Xyl2 represents a promising yeast for reducing cellulase consumption of ethanol fermentation from lignocellulosic biomass by compensating for the inherent weak BGL and XYL activities of T. reesei cellulase complexes.
KeywordsSaccharomyces cerevisiae β-Xylosidase β-Glucosidase Xylose fermentation Cellulosic ethanol
This work was partially supported by Special Coordination Funds for Promoting Science and Technology under the project of Creation of Innovation Centers for Advanced Interdisciplinary Research Areas (Innovative Bioproduction Kobe), MEXT, Japan.
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