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Homo-d-lactic acid production from mixed sugars using xylose-assimilating operon-integrated Lactobacillus plantarum


In order to achieve efficient d-lactic acid fermentation from a mixture of xylose and glucose, the xylose-assimilating xylAB operon from Lactobacillus pentosus (PXylAB) was introduced into an l-lactate dehydrogenase gene (ldhL1)-deficient Lactobacillus plantarumldhL1-xpk1::tktxpk2) strain in which the phosphoketolase 1 gene (xpk1) was replaced with the transketolase gene (tkt) from Lactococcus lactis, and the phosphoketolase 2 (xpk2) gene was deleted. Two copies of xylAB introduced into the genome significantly improved the xylose fermentation ability, raising it to the same level as that of ΔldhL1-xpk1::tktxpk2 harboring a xylAB operon-expressing plasmid. Using the two-copy xylAB integrated strain, successful homo-d-lactic acid production was achieved from a mixture of 25 g/l xylose and 75 g/l glucose without carbon catabolite repression. After 36-h cultivation, 74.2 g/l of lactic acid was produced with a high yield (0.78 g per gram of consumed sugar) and an optical purity of d-lactic acid of 99.5%. Finally, we successfully demonstrated homo-d-lactic acid fermentation from a mixture of three kinds of sugar: glucose, xylose, and arabinose. This is the first report that describes homo-d-lactic acid fermentation from mixed sugars without carbon catabolite repression using the xylose-assimilating pathway integrated into lactic acid bacteria.

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This work was supported by Special Coordination Funds for Promoting Science and Technology, Creation of Innovation Centers for Advanced Interdisciplinary Research Areas (Innovative Bioproduction Kobe), MEXT, Japan.

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The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

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Correspondence to Akihiko Kondo.

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Yoshida, S., Okano, K., Tanaka, T. et al. Homo-d-lactic acid production from mixed sugars using xylose-assimilating operon-integrated Lactobacillus plantarum . Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 92, 67–76 (2011).

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  • Lactic acid
  • Co-fermentation
  • Xylose
  • Fermentation