Disruption of β-oxidation pathway in Pseudomonas putida KT2442 to produce new functionalized PHAs with thioester groups
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- Escapa, I.F., Morales, V., Martino, V.P. et al. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol (2011) 89: 1583. doi:10.1007/s00253-011-3099-4
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This work describes the generation of novel PHAs (named PHACOS) with a new monomer composition containing thioester groups in the side chain, which confers new properties and made them suitable for chemical modifications after their biosynthesis. We have analyzed the PHACOS production abilities of the wild-type strain Pseudomonas putida KT2442 vs. its derived strain P. putida KT42FadB, mutated in the fadB gene from the central metabolic β-oxidation pathway involved in the synthesis of medium-chain-length PHA (mcl-PHA). Different fermentation strategies based on one- or two-stage cultures have been tested resulting in PHACOS with different monomer composition. Using decanoic acid as inducer of the growth and polymer synthesis and 6-acetylthiohexanoic acid as PHA precursor in a two-stage strategy, the maximum yield was obtained by culturing the strain KT42FadB. Nuclear magnetic resonance and gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry showed that polymers obtained from the wild-type and KT42FadB strains, included 6-acetylthio-3-hydroxyhexanoic acid (OH-6ATH) and the shorter derivative 4-acetylthio-3-hydroxybutanoic acid (OH-4ATB) in their composition, although in different ratios. While the polymer obtained from KT42FadB strain contained mainly OH-6ATH monomer units, mcl-PHA produced by the wild-type strain contained OH-6ATH and OH-4ATB. Furthermore, polyesters showed differences in the OH-alkyl derivates moiety. The strain KT42FadB overproduced PHACOS when compared to the production rate of the control strain in one- and two-stage cultures. Thermal properties obtained by differential scanning calorimetry indicated that both polymers have different glass transition temperatures related to their composition.