Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 89, Issue 4, pp 867–877 | Cite as

Genetically engineered microbial biosensors for in situ monitoring of environmental pollution

  • Hae Ja ShinEmail author


Microbial biosensors are compact, portable, cost effective, and simple to use, making them seem eminently suitable for the in situ monitoring of environmental pollution. One promising approach for such applications is the fusion of reporter genes with regulatory genes that are dose-dependently responsive to the target chemicals or physiological signals. Their biosensor capabilities, such as target range and sensitivity, could be improved by modification of regulatory genes. Recent uses of such genetically engineered microbial biosensors include the development of portable biosensor kits and high-throughput cell arrays on chips, optic fibers, or other platforms for on-site and on-line monitoring of environmental pollution. This mini-review discusses recent advances in microbial biosensors and their future prospects, with a focus on the development and application of genetically modified microbial biosensors for in situ environmental monitoring.


Microbial biosensor Genetically engineered In situ environmental monitoring 



This study was supported by a Frontier Project grant from Dongseo University.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Energy Environmental Engineering Major, Division of Energy BioengineeringDongseo UniversityBusanRepublic of Korea

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