Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 87, Issue 4, pp 1327–1334 | Cite as

Production of geranylgeraniol on overexpression of a prenyl diphosphate synthase fusion gene in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

  • Chikara Ohto
  • Masayoshi Muramatsu
  • Shusei Obata
  • Eiji Sakuradani
  • Sakayu Shimizu
Biotechnological Products and Process Engineering


An acyclic diterpene alcohol, (E,E,E)-geranylgeraniol (GGOH), is one of the important compounds used as perfume and pharmacological agents. A deficiency of squalene (SQ) synthase activity allows yeasts to accumulate an acyclic sesquiterpene alcohol, (E,E)-farnesol, in their cells. Since sterols are essential for the growth of yeasts, a deficiency of SQ synthase activity makes the addition of supplemental sterols to the culture media necessary. To develop a GGOH production method not requiring any supplemental sterols, we overexpressed HMG1 encoding hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase and the genes of two prenyl diphosphate synthases, ERG20 and BTS1, in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. A prototrophic diploid coexpressing HMG1 and the ERG20-BTS1 fusion accumulated GGOH with neither disruption of the SQ synthase gene nor the addition of any supplemental sterols. The GGOH content on the diploid cultivation in a 5-l jar fermenter reached 138.8 mg/l under optimal conditions.


Geranylgeraniol Mevalonate pathway Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase Prenyl diphosphate synthase Yeast recombinant 



We thank Ms. Chiharu Mori, Ms. Yoshie Tsukahara, Ms. Kazuyo Suzuki, and Ms. Kumi Terada for their technical assistance.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chikara Ohto
    • 1
  • Masayoshi Muramatsu
    • 1
  • Shusei Obata
    • 1
  • Eiji Sakuradani
    • 2
  • Sakayu Shimizu
    • 3
  1. 1.Bio Research Lab.Toyota Motor CorporationToyotaJapan
  2. 2.Division of Applied Life Sciences, Graduate School of AgricultureKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  3. 3.Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Faculty of Bioenvironmental ScienceKyoto Gakuen UniversityKyotoJapan

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